The following is a list I created on February 2, 2016 in preparation for a radio interview. It was the first interview during which I was not asked what artists influenced my work! The list, however, turned out to be full of surprises. Most of the artists who influenced my work have been sculptors and photographers working in black & white. I will continue to add to the list, unveiling (for myself) the images that steal my breath and excite my senses.
There is no intended order to the following list:
Aubrey Vincent Beardsley was an English illustrator and author. His drawings in black ink, influenced by the style of Japanese woodcuts, emphasized the grotesque, the decadent, and the erotic. Wikipedia
Born: August 21, 1872, Brighton, United Kingdom Died: March 16, 1898, Menton, France
Siblings: Mabel Beardsley Parents: Vincent Paul Beardsley, Ellen Agnus Pitt
Periods: Aestheticism, Art Nouveau
Died at the age 25.
Maria Helena Vieira da Silva
Maria Helena Vieira da Silva was a Portuguese-French abstractionist painter. Wikipedia
Born: June 13, 1908, Lisbon, Portugal Died: March 6, 1992, Paris, France
Artwork: La gare inondée (The Flooded Station), More
Died at the age 83.
Arshile Gorky was an Armenian born American painter, who had a seminal influence on Abstract Expressionism. He spent most his life as a national of the United States. Wikipedia
Born: April 15, 1904, Van Vilayet Died: July 21, 1948, Sherman, CT
Spouse: Agnes Magruder (m. 1941–1948)
Education: National Academy Museum and School
Children: Maro Gorky, Natasha Gorky
Died at age 44
Egon Schiele was an Austrian painter. A protégé of Gustav Klimt, Schiele was a major figurative painter of the early 20th century. Wikipedia
Born: June 12, 1890, Tulln an der Donau, Austria Died: October 31, 1918, Vienna, Austria
Spouse: Edith Harms (m. 1915–1918)
Siblings: Gertrude Schiele Parents: Marie Schiele, Adolph Schiele
Died at age 28.
Gustav Klimt was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. Klimt is noted for his paintings, murals, sketches, and other objets d’art. Wikipedia
Born: July 14, 1862, Baumgarten, Vienna, Austria Died: February 6, 1918, Vienna, Austria
Periods: Symbolism, Modern art, Vienna Secession, Art Nouveau
Series: Stoclet Frieze, Klimt University of Vienna Ceiling Paintings
Died at age 55.
Jean-Édouard Vuillard was a French painter and printmaker associated with the Nabis. Wikipedia
Born: November 11, 1868, Cuiseaux, France Died: June 21, 1940, La Baule-Escoublac, France
Education: Lycée Condorcet, Académie Julian
Periods: Modern art, Les Nabis
Known for: Painting, Printmaking
Died at age 72.
Trina Schart Hyman
Trina Schart Hyman was an American illustrator of children’s books. She illustrated over 150 books, including fairy tales and Arthurian legends. Wikipedia
Born: April 8, 1939, Philadelphia, PA Died: November 19, 2004
Education: Konstfack, University of the Arts
Awards: Caldecott Medal, Golden Kite Award for Picture Book Text
Died at age 65.
Artist and Designer Of Children’s Books
Charles Mikolaycak, an illustrator of children’s books and a book designer, died on Wednesday at his home in Manhattan.
His wife, Carole Kismaric, said the cause was cancer.
In his 30-year career, Mr. Mikolaycak illustrated more than 60 books for children and hundreds of book jackets. His illustrations, often inspired by his Polish and Ukrainian heritage, were widely acclaimed for their rich color and evocative design. One of his most popular books is “The Man Who Could Call Down Owls” (Macmillan, 1984), by Eve Bunting, with his dramatic pencil drawings of the powerful, mysterious birds.
Died at age 56.
Morris Louis, born Morris Louis Bernstein, was an American painter. During the 1950s he became one of the earliest exponents of Color Field painting. Wikipedia
Born: November 28, 1912, Baltimore, MD Died: September 7, 1962, Washington, D.C.
Education: Maryland Institute College of Art
Artwork: Tet, Alpha-Pi, Beta Lambda, Ambi I, Russet, Drawing [D88], More
Influenced by: Helen Frankenthaler, Jackson Pollock, Clement Greenberg
Periods: Hard-edge painting, Washington Color School, More
Died at age 49.
Lisbeth Zwerger is an Austrian illustrator of children’s books. For her “lasting contribution to children’s literature” she received the international Hans Christian Andersen Medal in 1990. Zwerger was born in Vienna in 1954. Wikipedia
Born: May 26, 1954 (age 61), Vienna, Austria
Education: University of Applied Arts Vienna
Books: The art of Lisbeth Zwerger, Wizard of Oz Notecard Pack, Mia christugenniatikē historia
Awards: Hans Christian Andersen Award for Illustration
Nominations: Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award
Mark Rothko, born Markus Yakovlevich Rotkovich, was an American painter of Russian Jewish descent. Although Rothko himself refused to adhere to any art movement, he is generally identified as an Abstract Expressionist. Wikipedia
Born: September 25, 1903, Daugavpils, Latvia Died: February 25, 1970, New York City, NY
Structures: Rothko Chapel
Periods: Color Field, Modern art, Abstract expressionism
Influenced by: Edward Hopper, Friedrich Nietzsche, Milton Avery, John D. Graham
Died at age 66.
Waylande Desantis Gregory was one of the most innovative and prolific American art-deco ceramics sculptors of the early 20th century. Wikipedia
Born: 1905, Baxter Springs, KS Died: 1971, New Jersey
Education: Kansas City Art Institute
Died at age 66.
Konrad (1915-2004). Dubbed the “Painter Laureate of Newark”, Adolf Konrad was born in Bremen, Germany. Konrad’s early training was received in …
Died at age 89.
Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida was a Spanish painter. Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. Wikipedia
Born: February 27, 1863, Valencia, Spain Died: August 10, 1923, Madrid, Spain
Periods: Luminism, Impressionism
Children: Joaquín, Elena, Maria
Parents: Concepción Bastida, Joaquin Sorolla
Died at age 60.
Anders Leonard Zorn was one of Sweden’s foremost artists. He obtained international success as a painter, sculptor and etcher. Wikipedia
Born: February 18, 1860, Mora, Sweden Died: August 22, 1920, Stockholm, Sweden
Spouse: Emma Zorn (m. 1885–1920)
Education: Royal Academy of Arts
Artwork: Summer Fun, Queen Sophia, A premiere, More
Parents: Grudd Anna Andersdotter, Johann Leonard Zorn
Died at age 60.
Vincent van Gogh
Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch post-Impressionist painter whose work had far-reaching influence on 20th-century art. Wikipedia
Born: March 30, 1853, Zundert, Netherlands Died: July 29, 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise, France
Influenced: Pablo Picasso, Edvard Munch, Henri Matisse, More
Influenced by: Claude Monet, Paul Cézanne, Rembrandt, More
Died at age 37.
Maurice Brazil Prendergast was an American Post-Impressionist artist who worked in oil, watercolor, and monotype. Wikipedia
Born: October 10, 1858, St. John’s, Canada
Died: February 1, 1924, New York City, NY
Artwork: Central Park, More
Education: Académie Colarossi, Académie Julian
Known for: Post-Impressionism, Painting
Died at age 65.
Georges-Pierre Seurat was a French post-Impressionist painter and draftsman. He is noted for his innovative use of drawing media and for devising the painting techniques known as chromoluminarism and pointillism. Wikipedia
Born: December 2, 1859, Paris, France Died: March 29, 1891, Paris, France
Education: École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
Periods: Pointillism, Divisionism, Post-Impressionism, Modern art, Neo-impressionism
Children: Pierre Georges
Died at age 31.
Alexander Calder was an American sculptor known as the originator of the mobile, a type of moving sculpture made with delicately balanced or suspended shapes that move in response to touch or air currents. Wikipedia
Born: August 22, 1898, Lawnton, Swatara Township, PA Died: November 11, 1976, New York
Periods: Surrealism, Section d’Or, Kinetic art, Modern art
Education: Art Students League of New York (1923–1926), More
To an engineer, good enough means perfect. With an artist, there’s no such thing as perfect.
The underlying sense of form in my work has been the system of the Universe, or part thereof. For that is a rather large model to work from.
My fan mail is enormous. Everyone is under six.
Died at age 78.
François Auguste René Rodin, known as Auguste Rodin, was a French sculptor. Although Rodin is generally considered the progenitor of modern sculpture, he did not set out to rebel against the past. Wikipedia
Born: November 12, 1840, Paris, France Died: November 17, 1917, Meudon, France
Parents: Jean-Baptiste Rodin, Marie Cheffer
Periods: Impressionism, Modern art
Nothing is a waste of time if you use the experience wisely.
The artist must create a spark before he can make a fire and before art is born, the artist must be ready to be consumed by the fire of his own creation.
To the artist there is never anything ugly in nature.
Died at age 67.
Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draughtsman and printmaker. He was born in the canton Graubünden’s southerly alpine valley Val Bregaglia, as the eldest of four children to Giovanni … Wikipedia
Born: October 10, 1901, Borgonovo, Switzerland Died: January 11, 1966, Chur, Switzerland
Influenced by: Joan Miró, Auguste Rodin, Jean-Paul Sartre, Samuel Beckett
I’ve been fifty thousand times to the Louvre. I have copied everything in drawing, trying to understand.
Artistically I am still a child with a whole life ahead of me to discover and create. I want something, but I won’t know what it is until I succeed in doing it.
I paint and sculpt to get a grip on reality… to protect myself.
Died at age 64.
Steve Mumford is a contemporary American painter. His practice has recently included the depiction of scenes from the ongoing American wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Typically he works in large, realist oil paintings, as well as watercolor on paper. Wikipedia
Parents: David Mumford
Books: Baghdad Journal: An Artist in Occupied Iraq
M. C. Escher
Maurits Cornelis Escher was a Dutch graphic artist who made mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints. Wikipedia
Born: June 17, 1898, Leeuwarden, Netherlands Died: March 27, 1972, Laren, North Holland, Netherlands
Full name: Maurits Cornelis Escher
Period: Modern art
My work is a game, a very serious game.
Are you really sure that a floor can’t also be a ceiling?
We adore chaos because we love to produce order.
Died at age 73.
Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser was an Austrian artist and architect who worked also in the field of environmental protection. Wikipedia
Born: December 15, 1928, Vienna, Austria Died: February 19, 2000, Pacific Ocean
Structures: Hundertwasserhaus, Waldspirale, KunstHausWien, Kuchlbauer Tower
Spouse: Yuko Ikewada (m. 1962–1966), Herta Leitner (m. 1958–1960)
Children: Heidi Trimmel
Died at age 71.
Alfons Maria Mucha, often known in English and French as Alphonse Mucha, was a Czech Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist, known best for his distinct style. He produced many paintings, illustrations, advertisements, postcards, and designs. Wikipedia
Born: July 24, 1860, Ivančice, Czech Republic Died: July 14, 1939, Prague, Czech Republic
Spouse: Maruška Chytilová (m. 1906)
Periods: Modern art, Art Nouveau
Parents: Amalie Mala, Andreas Mucha
Died at age 68.
John La Farge
John La Farge was an American painter, muralist, stained glass window maker, decorator, and writer. Wikipedia
Born: March 31, 1835, New York City, NY Died: November 14, 1910, Providence, RI
Artwork: Double Study of Dawn, Moorea Seen across the Water, Tahiti, More
Children: Christopher Grant La Farge, Christopher Grant LaFarge
Education: Fordham University, Mount St. Mary’s University
Grandchildren: Oliver La Farge
Died at age 75.
R. Brownell. McGrew
77, Artist Who Captured Lives of Two Tribes
Born 1917 Died 1994
TUCSON, Ariz., June 22— R. Brownell McGrew, a photographer and artist who traveled the back roads of the Hopi and Navajo reservations of the Southwest for 30 years, leaving a unique portrait of tribal life, died on Friday at his home in Tucson.
Died at age 77.
N. C. Wyeth
Newell Convers Wyeth, known as N. C. Wyeth, was an American artist and illustrator. He was the pupil of artist Howard Pyle and became one of America’s greatest illustrators. Wikipedia
Born: October 22, 1882, Needham, MA Died: October 19, 1945, Chadds Ford, PA
Spouse: Carolyn Bockius Wyeth (m. 1908–1945)
Artwork: Bronco Buster, More
Children: Andrew Wyeth, Henriette Wyeth, Carolyn Wyeth, Nathaniel Wyeth, Ann Wyeth McCoy
Grandchildren: Jamie Wyeth, Howard Wyeth, John Wyeth, More
Died at age 57.
Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Wikipedia
Born: December 31, 1869, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France Died: November 3, 1954, Nice, France
Influenced by: Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Edvard Munch, Paul Signac, John Peter Russell
Periods: Impressionism, Modernism, Modern art, Fauvism, Neo-impressionism
There are always flowers for those who want to see them.
What I dream of is an art of balance.
Impressionism is the newspaper of the soul.
Died at age 84.
Rosa Bonheur, born Marie-Rosalie Bonheur, was a French animalière, realist artist, and sculptor. As a painter she became famous primarily for two chief works: Ploughing in the Nivernais, which was first … Wikipedia
Born: March 16, 1822, Bordeaux, France Died: May 25, 1899, Thomery, France
Artwork: The Horse Fair, Ploughing in the Nivernais, More
Siblings: Isidore Bonheur
Parents: Sophie Bonheur, Oscar-Raymond Bonheur
Died at age 77.
Wayne Thiebaud is an American painter widely known for his colorful works depicting commonplace objects—pies, lipsticks, paint cans, ice cream cones, pastries, and hot dogs—as well as for his landscapes and figure paintings. Wikipedia
Born: November 15, 1920 (age 95), Mesa, AZ
Awards: National Medal of Arts (1994)
Artwork: Display Cakes, Flatland River, Sunset Streets, More
Periods: Nouveau réalisme, Modern art, Bay Area Figurative Movement, Pop art
Education: California State University, Sacramento (1952), More
Richard Diebenkorn was an American painter. His early work is associated with abstract expressionism and the Bay Area Figurative Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. His later work were instrumental to his achievement of worldwide acclaim. Wikipedia
Born: April 22, 1922, Portland, OR Died: March 30, 1993, Berkeley, CA
Known for: Painting
Education: Lowell High School (1939), University of California, Berkeley, San Francisco Art Institute, Stanford University
Periods: Lyrical abstraction, Color Field, Modern art, Bay Area Figurative Movement, Abstract expressionism
Died at age 70.
Ansel Easton Adams was an American photographer and environmentalist. His black-and-white landscape photographs of the American West, especially Yosemite National Park, have been widely reproduced on calendars, posters, and books. Wikipedia
Born: February 20, 1902, Western Addition, San Francisco, CA Died: April 22, 1984, Monterey, CA
Education: Yale University, Harvard University
Awards: Presidential Medal of Freedom, Hasselblad Award, More
You don’t take a photograph, you make it.
When words become unclear, I shall focus with photographs. When images become inadequate, I shall be content with silence.
There are always two people in every picture: the photographer and the viewer.
Died at age 82.
Photographer · elliotterwitt.com
Elliott Erwitt is an advertising and documentary photographer known for his black and white candid shots of ironic and absurd situations within everyday settings— a master of Henri Cartier-Bresson’s “decisive moment”. Wikipedia
Born: July 26, 1928 (age 87), Paris, France
Spouse: Susan Ringo (m. 1977–1984), Diana Dann (m. 1968–1975), Lucienne Van Kan (m. 1953–1960)
Education: Los Angeles City College, Hollywood High School, The New School
Movies: Beauty Knows No Pain, Arthur Penn – The Director
Children: Amelia A. Erwitt, Ellen Erwitt, Misha Erwitt, Jennifer Erwitt
Henri Cartier-Bresson was a French photographer considered the master of candid photography, and an early user of 35 mm film. Wikipedia
Born: August 22, 1908, Chanteloup-en-Brie, France Died: August 3, 2004, Montjustin, France
Books: The Mind’s Eye: Writings on Photography and Photographers
Artwork: Tours de Notre Dame (Towers of Notre Dame)
Awards: Hasselblad Award
To me, photography is the simultaneous recognition, in a fraction of a second, of the significance of an event.
Photographers deal in things which are continually vanishing and when they have vanished there is no contrivance on earth which can make them come back again.
The photograph itself doesn’t interest me. I want only to capture a minute part of reality.
Died at age 96.
Jacques Henri Lartigue
Jacques Henri Lartigue was a French photographer and painter, known for his photographs of automobile races, planes and Parisian fashion female models. Wikipedia
Born: June 13, 1894, Courbevoie, France Died: September 12, 1986, Nice, France
Education: Académie Julian
Books: Diary of a century, Lartigue: Photographs, 1970-1982, More
Artwork: Renée Perle, Portrait with Kiss Curls, More
Movies: The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou, Ginger and Fred
Spouse: Florette Orméa (m. 1945–1986), Madeleine “Bibi” Messager (m. 1919–1931)
Died at age 90.
Emmet Gowin is an American photographer. He first gained attention in the 1970s with his intimate portraits of his wife, Edith, and her family. Wikipedia
Born: December 22, 1941 (age 74), Danville, VA
Artwork: Edith, Danville, Virginia, More
Education: Rhode Island School of Design (1967), Virginia Commonwealth University (1965)
Awards: Guggenheim Fellowship for Creative Arts, US & Canada
“In the exercise of trying to say the old thing fresh again, every week or every year, you learn,” he said. “Pure and simple. You keep coming back to the problem, and you keep touching it and caressing it, and thinking about it, and in a way loving it. You love the problem.”
It’s not that different from the constant reinvention required of an artist. Mr. Gowin mentioned a suggestion he had received from his friend Frederick Sommer that as we age, we ought to read difficult books that push us out of our comfort zones, even if we don’t understand them. Growth requires active engagement, he has learned. The well-lived life comes down to a willingness to explore, to push further into the unknown, and a desire to seek answers to perhaps unanswerable questions.
“You’re always working at the margin of what you don’t understand,” Mr. Gowin concluded. “That’s the only exhilarating place to be. To just illustrate what you already know is condescending, and a waste of your time.”
Quote quoted from: http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/03/14/emmet-gowin-loving-the-problem/?_r=0