Apothecary Demo at Scout’s Coffee Bar – February 25, 2017

Apothecary Demonstration at Scout’s Coffee Bar – February 25, 2017

Herbs and Essential Oils to Avoid.

     Just because something is a plant, is natural, does not mean that it is safe to either ingest or to use on your skin.  the following herbs may be dangerous if used incorrectly or if used at all.  It is wise to avoid them. (from The Home Apothecary by Dugliss-Wesselman)

What to avoid:

Bitter Almond          Calamus            Horseradish

Jaborandi leaf          Mugwort            Pennyroyal

Rue                             Sassafras            Savin

Tansy                          Thuja                  Wormseed

Wormwood                Yellow Camphor

What to avoid during pregnancy and nursing:

Angelica, anise, basil, bay, caraway, cinnamon, clary sage, clove, cumin, fennel, hyssop, juniper, lemon balm, lovage, marjoram, amaranth, yarrow

There was a question about juniper during the demonstration.  Juniper is an antiseptic, astringent, diuretic, and a detoxifying agent. Juniper oil is used to treat a variety of conditions; skin irritations,burns, bug bites, acne, to relieve stress, anxiety, depression and insomnia. Note: It is on the list to be avoided during pregnancy and nursing.

Coffee Scrub / Mask

Ingredients:
4 tablespoons coconut oil
6 tablespoons coffee
5 drops tea tree essential oil 

Directions: Mix well and store in sterilized jar.

To use, dampen face first. Smear over face in circular motion. Either wash off immediately or leave on for 5-10 minutes before washing off gently with warm water. Spray toner onto face. Apply moisturizing lotion, either day cream or night cream.

Coffee Mud Mask (from Primarily Inspired www.primarilyinspired.com)

Ingredients:
4 tablespoons bentonite clay (Do not use a metal bowl for mixing bentonite clay)
2 tablespoons coffee grounds
2-5 tablespoons water, apple cider vinegar, lemon juice or a bit of coconut oil.
10 drops lavender essential oil
10 drops meadow foam seed oil

Directions:
In a small bowl mix clay and coffee grounds. Add the oils and enough of the wetting agent to mix to a smooth consistency that is not too thin. The clay/coffee mixture can also be saved in its dry state. You can spoon out small quantities to be mixed with a wetting agent each time you want to treat yourself to a facial Add a few drops of the oils into your mix. I like to put a bit into a ziplock bag when I travel. Add enough of the wetting agent to spread easily onto your skin, not too thick and not too thin.

How to use:
Cleanse face. If desired, apply toner and serum before applying mud mask. Smear mud mask over face in circular motion and let it set for 5-10 minutes or until the mask hardens. Rinse mud from face, gently, with warm water and cloth. Apply moisturizing lotion, either day cream or night cream.

Note: Use plain water for normal skin. Use lemon juice mixed with water if you have oily skin. Use honey if you have dry skin. Use apple cider vinegar if you have acne or troubled skin (use equal parts of water and apple cider vinegar.) Use coconut oil for all types of skin.

CLAY MASKS:

The three stages to clay masks:

Damp Phase – skin drinks in the beneficial minerals from the outside
Start of the Dry Phase – exercise the capillaries and stimulates blood flow as the mask cools and contracts
Dry Phase – draws out moisture from the surface of the skin, causing dehydration and irritation.

Use the Touch Test. The mask is drying out when it appears lighter in color. Remove when it feels dry to the touch yet still a bit sticky.

Apply mask to clean, toned skin. If you wish, apply facial serum before applying the mud mask. The mud will help the serum penetrate deeper as well as work with the mask to treat the skin.

When starting with dry ingredients for mud mask, add the essential oils after adding the wetting agent.

TONER: Neutralizes PH

Rose Water Toner (page 84 The Home Apothecary by Stacey Dugliss-Wesselman)
“Rose water retains moisture, fighting the signs of aging and balancing the skin. This toner is soothing and nourishing for all skin types, especially dry, mature, and sensitive types.”

Ingredients:
1/2 cup distilled water
1/2 cup rose water
1/4 cup witch hazel
1 tablespoon aloe vera gel ( I use Aloe Vera liquid so that I can spray the solution rather than use cotton facial pads)

Directions:
Mix all the ingredients together. Pour the mixture into a sterilized container, label it, and date it. To use either spray it on your face or moisten a cotton facial pad with the toner. Wipe gently in small circles, focusing on the forehead, nose, and chin. Be careful to avoid the delicate eye area. Follow with moisturizer.

Witch Hazel: Considered to have astringent, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, antifungal, and anesthetic properties.

Aromatherapy Inhaler Recipes:

Lime and Tea Tree’s “Feel Better in the Morning” Blend (page 181 the Heart of Aromatherapy by Andrea Butje)

5 drops lime
5 drops tea tree
3 drops lavender
2 drops peppermint

For Kids:

2 drops lime
2 drops tea tree

Stress Relief Blend – April Showers (from blog post: How to Make Essential Oil Blends for Personal Inhalers, April 21, 2015 by Jamie Larrison)

Light, floral and very up-lifting.

4 drops geranium essential oil
4 drops lemon essential oil
2 drops ylang ylang essential oil

The Energizing Spirit Lifter Blend (from blog post: 14 Uplifting Essential Oils for Energy & Wakefulness May 25, 2016 by Loren of EOSanctuary)

5 drops eucalyptus essential oil
3 drops grapefruit essential oil
3 drops ylang ylang essential oil

Ingredients Reference:

Aloe vera gel, powder or juice – amazing healing power; relieves acne; soothes sunburn;prevents hair loss;relieves dandruff; heals cuts and abrasions

Eucalyptus oil – refreshes and stimulates brain; clears mental exhaustion and fatigue; bug repellent; antiseptic, antifungal, expectorant, deodorizing; works well on aches and pains; treats bug bites

Geranium oil – promotes emotional balance; alleviates mood swings; restores calm to the mind and promotes general feelings of well being; supports a balanced nervous system especially in times of stress

Grapefruit oil – mentally uplifting and refreshing; eases a stressed out body and mind; provokes positive feelings of hope, happiness and peacefulness; rids body of toxins, help eliminate water weight and cellulite

Jojoba oil – great for any skin type and any hair type; close to our own natural oils; doesn’t leave skin oily and absorbs quickly;regenerative and firming;helps prevent wrinkles;adds shine and manageability to hair and moisturizes scalp

Lavender oil – helps to reduce stress, tension, anxiety, depression, exhaustion; improves skin irritations, burns, bug bites and acne

Lemon oil – reduce fatigue, depression, grief, stress, anxiety; it invigorates body and mind; disinfects and eliminates odors

Lime oil – uplifting and refreshing; revitalizes the mind; great for oily skin types; works as disinfectant

Meadowfoam Seed oil – rich in antioxidants; helps fight signs of aging; hydrates the skin

Peppermint oil – refreshes and uplifts; reduce mental fatigue and improve concentration; awakens the senses; relieve flatulence; ease motion sickness;antiseptic; nourishes dull skin; helps with dandruff and kills lice, helps relieve headaches;treats respiratory issues, eases stress

Tea Tree oil – medicinal; antibiotic, antiseptic,antibacterial, anti fungal; immune boosting, treats acne, insect bites, ringworm, sores, headaches; great in=for disinfecting soaps and cleaners

Ylang Ylang oil – balances oil production; treats acne; fights wrinkles; treats dementia;aids exhaustion; treats insomnia; used for calming, exhaustion and relaxation

Coffee Grounds – Use only organic beans. coffee is among the most chemically treated food in the world. Rich source of antioxidants; protects against free radicals that damage and age us; stimulates the skin, improves blood flow to the skin and promotes healthy cell turnover that makes us look radiant and bright; increases production of collagen and elastin; minimizes fine lines and protects against the loss of moisture; perfect for anti-aging; helps REVERSE damage of ultra violet rays!

Bentonite Clay – Do not allow clay to come into contact with metal. It will pull toxins from the metal and will not be as effective on your skin. Make sure to run hot water down your drain so the clay will not harden in your pipes. great for all skin types (dry oily, acne prone, aging or sensitive), hair and as a deodorant; tightens skin and closes pores

Coconut oil – use cold-pressed, virgin, unrefined coconut oil. great for all skin types; use as sunscreen (it blocks 20% of the sun’s uv rays); moisturizer, protects against hair damage; deeply nourishing; antibacterial; antimicrobial, anti fungal; perfect for acne prone skin; loaded with protective antioxidants that protect the skin against premature aging and free radicals

Rose Water – Helps retain moisture; astringent; toner for fair or dry skin

Apple Cider Vinegar – Do not apply directly to skin without diluting. It is extremely acidic and may damage your skin if used at full strength. Mix with equal parts of water. ACV should not be used by people with fruit or pollen allergies. ACV also increases sensitivity to the sun due to its concentration of AHAs (alphahydroxyacids). AHA’s (glycolic acid, lacticacid, magic acid) are often used in acne treatment.

Lactic acid and glycolic acid are not to help reduce blemish and acne scars as well as dark spots.

Great anti-acne toner. always use raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar. Acne occurs when hair follicles become clogged by a combination of an oily substance (produced by the skin) called sebum (an oily secretion of the sebaceous glands), dirt and dead cells. When the toner is used correctly, it can help remove excess its and dead skin cells that may lurk on the face after washing. It can also help other skin application penetrate more rapidly. It can help with oily skin and clogged pores. Witch Hazel can do the same.

Apple Cider Vinegar as toner:

1 tablespoon to 2 or 3 parts distilled water. Pour onto cotton pad and apply to skin or use sprayer to apply rather than the cotton pad. Follow with coconut oil or jojoba oil.

What are Free Radicals? 
Normally, bonds don?t split in a way that leaves a molecule with an odd, unpaired electron. But when weak bonds split, free radicals are formed. Free radicals are very unstable and react quickly with other compounds, trying to capture the needed electron to gain stability. Generally, free radicals attack the nearest stable molecule, “stealing” its electron. When the “attacked” molecule loses its electron, it becomes a free radical itself, beginning a chain reaction. Once the process is started, it can cascade, finally resulting in the disruption of a living cell.
Some free radicals arise normally during metabolism. Sometimes the body?s immune system?s cells purposefully create them to neutralize viruses and bacteria. However, environmental factors such as pollution, radiation, cigarette smoke and herbicides can also spawn free radicals.
Normally, the body can handle free radicals, but if antioxidants are unavailable, or if the free-radical production becomes excessive, damage can occur. Of particular importance is that free radical damage accumulates with age.

How Antioxidants May Prevent Against Free Radical Damage
The vitamins C and E, are thought to protect the body against the destructive effects of free radicals. Antioxidants neutralize free radicals by donating one of their own electrons, ending the electron-“stealing” reaction. The antioxidant nutrients themselves don?t become free radicals by donating an electron because they are stable in either form They act as scavengers, helping to prevent cell and tissue damage that could lead to cellular damage and disease.
Vitamin E ? The most abundant fat-soluble antioxidant in the body. One of the most efficient chain-breaking antioxidants available. Primary defender against oxidation. Primary defender against lipid peroxidation (creation of unstable molecules containing more oxygen than is usual).
Vitamin C ? The most abundant water-soluble antioxidant in the body. Acts primarily in cellular fluid. Of particular note in combating free-radical formation caused by pollution and cigarette smoke. Also helps return vitamin E to its active form.